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Глоссарий цирковых терминов (английский)

aerial flight
    A circus act performed at a height under the circus cupola. it is performed above safety net and consists of numerous flights of gymnast from one trapeze to another or to the hands of catcher who ...
animal training
    Animal training for the purpose to provide animal performance before the audience. although more than 120 years have passed since wilhelm hagenbeck created the animal training system, named "soft"...
antipode
    Or antipodist it means circus acrobats who do acrobatic feats when lying on a special bed, trink. antipode`s job is often a job of juggler or reverse equilibrist, where legs, that are stronger tha...
apachi
    This means false clap the clowns pass to one another.
apfel
    This is a synonym of "schtrabat". in the essence, this is a showy finale of some aerial acrobatic acts, an acrobatic feat. this is the fall of one of gymnasts, where he is falling down rapidly rem...
auguste
    In the essence this term was used to name a special line of clown who showed himself as a foolish and languid circus hand or equerry, and who filled the interval between the acts of the programme;...
barrier
  1. Low fence running along the circus ring perimeter, with two draw entrances one opposite to the other and opposite to vorgang. the height of barrier was fixed so that a four-year horse of mediu... bar; barr;
blange
    Or "back-sag somersault" as it is named too, one of acrobatic feats used in aerial acts. in a number of aerial acts (trapeze, straps, etc.) blange means an element involving strength, in which an ...
carpet clown
    A line of clown, of whom prototype was the line of auguste. this name is connected with specific performance of these acts they took place in breaks between the acts while the ring cover was being...
catcher
    A gymnast performing in an aerial act (mainly in flight act) who, having arranged himself on apparatus (eg. trapeze), grasps it with his legs (by its side ropes) or hangs on elbow support (in lopi...
chambarrier
    A ring whip for horses. its pole is up to 5.5 m in length.
chapiteau
    A collapsible mobile circus; in the simplest case it is a fire-proof rubber-impregnated tarpaulin tent. it is stretched on two ship-like masts to form a marquee inside which ring-shaped rows for s...
charee-varie
    Literally "various jokes", an act, which usually took place at the beginning of the performance. it was a fancy-dress cavalcade of performers headed by clowns, and they performed various jumps on ...
circus act
    A set of similar tricks that are carried out by one performer or a group of human or animal performers in certain sequence within a given period; the said tricks are designed to implement any idea...
circus ring - "manege"
    A round area inside a circus where circus acts are displayed. diameter of ring is the same in all countries, it is around 13 m. ring is always fenced; its ground and cover were originally fit to h...
circus trick
    A separate completed part of any circus act, which has independent meaning. it has effect on the audiences with such actually fulfilled solution that is beyond the scope of common notion and seems...
climbing bar
    Those who have ever seen a horizontal bar can imagine easily what it is. climbing bars are two side vertical supports of the horizontal bar.
clown
    A circus actor, a performer of comic tricks (acts). there are a great number of various clown lines carpet clown, buff-clown, auguste, eccentric clown, music clown, etc.
contortion
    A circus genre in which a performer displays how his (her) muscle are flexible and joints mobile. one of old poster name of this genre is "the snake woman". as these acts are performed by women in...
corde pareille
    A magnificent cord (as translated from french). an aerial act performed on rope fastened one end to the circus cupola, and the other end of it is hung unfastened. in other word, this is a vertical...
corde volante
    It means a cord fastened without stretching or a flying cord (as translated from french). an aerial act on rope fastened on two ends stretch-free `to the circus cupola` to form a freely hung arc.<...
craft-acrobat
    Strength-applying acrobat performing a variety of stand tricks involving strength; these tricks are performed both solo and jointly with partners almost without acrobatic dynamics, i.e. without ju...
craft-juggler
    Strength-applying juggler, the same as "grenade thrower".
da-capo
    Reprises performed by trained animals, usually horses, in the finale of act, when an animal trainer returns with applause.
dead ring
    This term was used on circus posters in former times to designate the performance of cyclists or motor-cyclists who drove on inner side of a high bottom-less grid basket with almost vertical walls...
drei-man-hoch
    The simplest form of the acrobats-in-column genre; broken german wording to designate three acrobats standing on each other`s shoulders.
dwarfs
    (midgets) they are common to circuses in the world. these `little people` are represented in all the genres of circus art; they often perform in separated circus programs.
dzigits
    (horse riding) modern circus riding genre of which prototype is horse-voltiging; as a rule this genre is filled with national features originated from caucasian and cossack horsemanship, as far as...
eccentriks
    (clowning) a performing manner, a style, which is intrinsic to any circus genre, exaggerated parody.
entree
    A sole and independent entrance of clown characters; it often includes a short scene or pantomime. in the early time of modern circus entree was important for clown genres to be as independent and...
equilibre
    A balancing act, widely abundant circus genre, it is included in all the branches of acrobatics; balanced stand on hands or feet on still or moving support is the simplest form of it.
floor genres
    Genres performed directly on the ring floor or on some auxiliary apparatuses installed on the ring at the height not more than 4-5 m above the floor.
gauze
  1. It is a word rarely used by today`s performers; it means outdoor performing, performing in the garden, in the park, etc.

  2. Gasa

  3. A thin light material used to make dressings... gasa;
grenade thrower
    (hurler) this term was used in olden times of russia to name a craft-juggler or strength-applying juggler in today`s terms. the name of this genre comes from anchors, cannons, shots that were used...
hoola hoops
    The name of circus props and relevant genre. common hoola hoops are the same sports hoops that are sold in sports shop.
icarian games
    One of varieties of antipode genre. in this instance a performer`s partner plays as antipodist`s props used for tossing and juggling.
illusionist
    A conjurer working with sophisticated apparatuses together with a team of assistants.
indian clubs
    These are the most widely used articles of juggling props in addition to balls and rings. it is considered bad style for even medium-skilled juggler to pick up an indian club from the floor by han...
jockey
    Originally a circus rider dressed in jockey`s costume; his performed initially a certain number of tricks and their sequence was fixed too.
jury-arena
    A ring to be built on a stage.
kopfstehen
    An acrobatic stand where a performer keeps his body vertically on head. (in 1996, this stand was performed by an acrobat swinging on free-rope at the world circus festival in moscow.)
longe
    A circus safety belt, a special belt worn by a performer during acts and rehearsals; one or two safety ropes are fastened to this belt by means of special lock.
loping
    (cradle) a circus apparatus used in aerial acts; it looks like children`s teeter without seat.
melange-act
    It is an act not belonging to any genre concept as it consists of a variety of elements of various genres, and hence it is an isolated genre.
odd-joint
    A circus genre where a performer displays odd dislocations of joints and unusual position of his (her) arms and legs.
pantomime
    A circus specific genre; it is used in various circuses in different times; there were a great number of pantomime ranging from heroic-battle ones and performances involving huge stage set to anim...
parallel horizontal bar
    Two, three and more horizontal bars fastened to each other with parallel cross-beams.
persch
    A persch from 3 to 5.5 m in length; it is held by the lower one on his forehead, shoulders or in special socket of waist-belt, while balancing and holding the upper one who is, in his turn, perfor...
piste
    Ground or material of ring adjacent to the barrier and bent in the form of saucer. uniformists loosen pista with rake and scatter sawdust to the barrier walls before riding acts. otherwise no hors...
raus
    Formerly named parades in street shows.