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Soccer glossary

2-on-1 break
    A type of break with 2 attacking players against 1 defensive player.
3-on-1 break
    A type of break with 3 attacking players against only 1 defensive player.
3-on-2 break
    A type of break with 3 attacking players against 2 defensive players.
advantage rule
    A clause in the rules that directs the referee to refrain from stopping play for a foul if a stoppage would benefit the team that committed the violation.
advantages
    Situations where a team has possession of the ball and outnumbers the opposition near the opposing goal.
american football
    A term used by non-americans to distinguish the popular u.s. sport of football from soccer which they also call football.
apsl
    American professional soccer league — the nation`s only outdoor professional soccer league since 1991, consisting of 8 teams in the u.s. and canada (expanding to 12 by 1995).
attacking midfielder
    The most forward-playing midfielder, playing right behind the forwards; he supports the offense by providing passes to forwards to set up goals.
attacking team
    The team that has possession of the ball.
ayso
    American youth soccer organization — an administrative body of youth soccer which sets rules and provides information and equipment to youth league referees, coaches and players.
back header
    A player`s use of his head to direct the ball backwards.
back tackle
    An attempt by a defender to take the ball away from a ball carrier by swinging the defender`s leg in front of the ball from behind.
ball carrier
    A player that has possession of the ball.
banana kick
    A type of kick that gives the ball a curved trajectory; used to get the ball around an obstacle such as a goaltender or defender.
behind the defender
    The area between a defender and his goal.
bicycle kick
    When a player kicks the ball in mid-air backwards and over his own head, usually making contact above waist level; an acrobatic shot.
breakaway
  1. When an attacker with the ball approaches the goal undefended; this exciting play pits a sole attacker against the goalkeeper in a one-on-one showdown.

  2. Отход; уходите! убегайте! отход; уходите! убегайте!;
bundesliga
    The german professional soccer league.
carrying the ball
    A foul called on a goalkeeper when he takes more than 4 steps while holding or bouncing the ball.
center circle
    A circular marking with a 10-yard radius in the center of the field from which kickoffs are taken to start or restart the game.
center spot
    A small circular mark inside the center circle that denotes the center of the field from which kickoffs are taken to start or restart the game.
central defender
    A player who guards the area directly in front of his own goal in a zone defense; does not exist in a man-to-man defense.
chest trap
    When a player uses his chest to slow down and control a ball in the air.
chip pass
    A pass lofted into the air from a player to a teammate; used primarily to evade a defender by kicking the ball over his head.
chip shot
    A kick lofted into the air to try to sail the ball over the goalkeeper`s head and still make it under the crossbar into the goal.
cleats
    The metal, plastic or rubber points in the bottom of a soccer shoe used to provide a player with traction; term also used to refer to the shoes themselves.
concacaf
    The confederation norte-centroamericana y del caribe de footbal — the regional organization of north american and central american soccer under which world cup qualifying matches are played; membe...
consolation match
    A tournament game played between the losers of the 2 semifinal matches to determine the third-place team.
corner arc
    A quarter-circle with a radius of 1 yard located at each of the 4 corners of the field; on a corner kick, the ball must be kicked from inside this arc.
corner area
    See corner arc.
corner flag
    The flag located at each of the 4 corners of the field, inside the corner area.
corner kick
    A type of restart where the ball is kicked from the corner arc in an attempt to score; awarded to an attacking team when the ball crosses the goal line last touched by the defending team.
counterattack
    An attack launched by a defending team soon after it regains possession of the ball.
creating space
    When a player from the attacking team moves without the ball to draw defenders away from the ball carrier and give him space.
cross or crossing pass
    A pass from an attacking player near the sideline to a teammate in the middle or opposite side of the field; used to give the teammate a good scoring opportunity.
cut down the angle
    When the goalie comes out of the goal several feet to make himself closer and larger to an attacker, leaving the attacker less net to shoot at.
cut off
    When a defensive player keeps his body between an attacker and the defender`s goal, forcing the attacker out towards the sidelines.
dangerous play
    When a player attempts a play that the referee considers dangerous to that player or others, such as trying to kick the ball out of the goalie`s hands, even if no contact is made.
defenders
    The players on the team that does not have possession of the ball.
defending team
    The team that does not have possession of the ball.
defensemen
    The 3 or 4 players on a team whose primary task is to stop the opposition from scoring; also called fullbacks.
defensive midfielder
    The player positioned just in front of his team`s defense; he is often assigned to mark the opposition`s best offensive player; also called the midfield anchor.
defensive pressure
    When one or more defenders closely mark a ball carrier to harass him into losing the ball.
direct free kick
    A kick awarded to a player for a serious foul committed by the opposition; the player kicks a stationary ball with no opposing players within 10 yards of him; a goal can be scored directly from th...
diving header
    A ball struck near ground level by the head of a diving player.
dribbler
    A player who advances the ball while controlling it with his feet.
dribbling
  1. The basic skill of advancing the ball with the feet while controlling it.

  2. 1. the act of letting saliva flow out of the mouth 2. same as incontinence (informal )
goteo;
drop ball
    A method of restarting a game where the referee drops the ball between 2 players facing each other.
drop kick
    When a goalie drops the ball from his hands and kicks it just after it hits the ground.
endline
    See goal line.