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England from the other shore






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Glossary of Translation Terms

balanced translation
    Is one that can be considered the middle ground between source and target languages as to the respect of meaning, structure, etc. of both languages. a translator adopts the original text into the ...
telephone interpretation
    Interpreting a conversation over the phone.

simultaneous interpretation
    One of three modes of interpreting (along with consecutive and sight interpretation), in which an interpreter interprets the message orally at the same time as the speaker is speaking. the interpr...
sign language interpreter
    Interpreter who facilitates communication between people who are deaf or hard of hearing and people who can hear. sign language interpreter must be fluent in english and american sign language (as...
sight interpretation
    One of three modes of interpreting (along with consecutive and simultaneous interpretation), in which an interpreter reads a document written in one language and orally interprets information into...
native language
    It is the first language a person learns and usually is known as a person`s "mother tongue".

medical interpretation
    Interpreting in various medical settings such as doctors` offices, hospitals, clinics, rehabilitation centers, etc. this type of interpretation is done by medical interpreters who have a special s...
literary translation
    Translation of work of literature such as novels, short stories, poetry, etc.

literal translation
    Is one that closely matches the wording and structure of the source language. the literal meaning of words is taken as if from the dictionary (out of context), but target language grammar is respe...
human translation
    Translation performed by a real human translator as opposed to translation performed by a machine.

guide or escort interpreter
    Interpreter who accompanies visitors from a particular country abroad or foreign visitors that come to visit a country to ensure that they are able to communicate during their stay. this requires ...
freelancer
    A self-employed translator or interpreter who works independently directly with the clients and might as well do projects for translation agencies.

cultural adaptation
    Adjusting translation to the cultural environment of the target language to make it suitable for the target audience.

court/legal interpretation
    Interpreting at legal proceedings, which is performed by a court interpreter who has special subject matter knowledge.

consecutive interpretation
    One of three modes of interpreting (along with simultaneous and sight interpretation), in which a speaker pauses every few sentences to allow the interpreter to interpret what has just been said.<...
conference interpretation
    Simultaneous interpreting of a speaker`s statements at a conference, symposium or any other large meeting.