Глоссарий

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23 декабря, 2017

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Constructions

across the grain
    The direction at right angles to the length of the fibres and other longitudinal elements of the wood.
adhesive
  1. A substance used to bond two surfaces together.

  2. Клей; клеящее вещество

  3. A substance capable of holding materials together by surface attachment

  4. A substance capa... клеящее вещество, клеящая мастика; клей; adh; adhsv; клейкий;
air velocity
    The velocity of air in the passages between rows of boards in a rack.
скорость воздуха;
air-dried timber
    Timber dried by exposure to air in a yard or shed, without artificial heat (also see seasoning).
along the grain
    The direction parallel with the length of the fibres and other longitudinal elements of the wood.
anchor bolt
    A device for connecting timber members to concrete or masonry
anisotropic
  1. Exhibiting different properties when measured along its different axes.

  2. Exhibiting different properties when measured along different axes

  3. Descriptive of a material (such... анизотропный;
anti-stain chemical
    A chemical applied to timber to prevent or retard chemical or fungal stain development.
arris
    The sharp intersection of two surfaces, eg. the face and edge of a piece of wood .
гребень;
back sawn timber
    Timber sawn so that the growth rings are inclined at less than 45 degrees to the wide face.
bevel
  1. Any angle not at 90 degrees. also, a tool for marking such an angle.

  2. Скос, фаска

  3. The shaping of the edge around the periphery of a lens necessary to hold the lens within ... скос эмали; bev;
biodeterioration
    The breaking down of timber by natural or biological agents such as fungi and insects.
биоповреждение; биоповреждение (лесная отрасль);
biota
  1. All living animals and plants

  2. Plants and animals in an environment. some of these plants and animals might be sources of food, clothing, or medicines for people.
биота;
birds eye
    Figure on the surface of wood that has numerous rounded areas resembling small eyes.
bird's-mouth
    The notch in a rafter that rests on the top plate of a wall.
boreal forest
    The forest areas of the northern north temperate zone dominated by coniferous trees such as spruce, fir and pine.
botanical name
    The botanical names of species and their relationship to trade names are defined in as 2543, nomenclature of australian timbers and as 1148, nomenclature of commercial timbers imported into austra...
bound moisture
    Moisture which is closely bound to the cell wall constituents of wood.
bound water
    Water molecules bound into the cell wall of timber. they are weakly bound chemically to the molecules of the cell wall and energy is required to break them free.
связанная вода;
bowstring truss
    A truss where the top chord of the truss is curved to an arch shape
box beam
  1. A built-up beam with solid timber flanges (a) and plywood or wood-base panel product webs (b).

  2. A built‑up beam with solid wood flanges and plywood or wood-‑based...
building material ecological sustainability index
    The building material ecological sustainability index is based on life cycle assessment but attempts to combine a number of criteria into three primary ones. there are:
burl
  1. 1. a hard, woody outgrowth on a tree, more or less rounded in form, usually resulting from the entwined growth of a cluster of buds. such burls are the source of the highly figured burl veneer...
butt joint
  1. An end joint formed by abutting the squared ends of two pieces.

  2. The junction where the ends of two timbers meet, and also where sheets of drywall meet on the 4 foot edge. to place m... стыковое соединение (соединение встык, стыковка);
carbon sink
    A carbon sink is something that removes or stores carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, for example growing vegetation.
case hardening
    A drying defect characterised by the presence of compression stresses in the outer zone and tensile stresses in the core. it occurs when rapid drying has caused permanent set of the outer zones of...
casein glue
  1. An adhesive, primarily for internal use, prepared from casein, sodium silicate, lime, soda and other compounds. it was used largely in plywood manufacturer, has some resistance to water but is...
cathedral cut
    A variation of the crown cut method of slicing veneers. the growth rings are exactly parallel to the slicer, producing on the face of the veneer an inverted 'v' figure resembling the spire of a ca...
cellulose
  1. The carbohydrate that is the principal constituent of wood and forms the framework of wood cells.

  2. The carbohydrate that is the principal constituent of wood and forms the framework ... celulosa; ацетилцеллюлоза; целлюлоза; эмалит;
chain of custody
  1. The process by which the source of a timber product is verified. this entails ‘tracking’ the timber from the forest through all the steps of the production process until it reaches the end use...
cleavage test
    A test that measures the resistance of a timber to splitting longitudinally along the radial and tangential planes
clerestory
    A window, or row of windows, in the upper part of a room where it can admit light from above an adjacent roof
close- grained wood
    Wood with narrow, inconspicuous growth rings. the term is sometimes used to designate wood having small and closely spaced pores, but in this sense the term "fine textured" is more often used.
coach screw
    Similar to a wood screw except larger and with a hexagonal head so that it can be turned with a spanner.
lag bolt. coak 1. a projection from the end of a piece of wood or timber which fits into a hole in another piece to join them. 2. a dowel or hardwood pin through overlapping timbers.;
coarse-grained wood
    Wood with wide conspicuous growth rings in which there is considerable difference between earlywood and latewood. the term is sometimes used to designate wood with large pores, but in this sense t...
collar tie
  1. A horizontal board that connects pairs of rafters on opposite roof slopes.

  2. In wood roof construction, a timber which prevents the roof framing from changing its shape.
comprehensive regional assessments
    A joint assessment of all forest values (environmental, heritage, economic and social) undertaken by the commonwealth and state – leading to the establishment of a car reserve system, agreements o...
compression
  1. A state or condition of being pushed or shortened by a force.

  2. Сжатие

  3. Сжатие (данных), уменьшение размеров файла изображения. см. также lossy и non-lossy. процесс упаковки... компрессия, сжатие; cmp; compr; compresión; compresión de la imagen; сжатия; запрессовка; давлением; компрессия;
compression failure
  1. Deformation or fracture of wood fibres across the grain resulting from excessive compression along the grain.

  2. Deformation of the wood fibers resulting
compression seat
    A fabricated or cast metal bracket into which timber structural members abut, used to joint timber compression elements to other structural members.
conditioning treatment
    A treatment applied to equilibrate the moisture content of wood to a particular value.
continuity strap
    A piece of flat steel fixed over a butt joint between timber beams to provide a continuos tension connection.
control joint
  1. A vertical or horizontal gap, filled or unfilled, to accommodate differential movement between various elements of a construction

  2. Tooled, straight grooves made on concrete floors to... cj; clj;
corbel
  1. A length of timber laid horizontally on the top of a column to transfer loads and to provide a seat for beams. a compound corbel includes several lengths of timber instead of one.

  2. T...