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Glossary of Timber Bridge Terminology

acq (alkaline copper quarternary)
    A pressure treatment commonly used by ybc to protect wood against decay and insects. acq contains copper and quat components (fungicides that attack decay organisms) that work together to protect ...
cca (chromated copper arsenate)
  1. A water-based wood preservative containing arsenic, chromium and copper which is used to protect against decay, insects and increase the life of the timber. it is a common pressure treatment w...
culvert
  1. A pipe or concrete box structure that conveys flow from open channels, swales, or ditches under a roadway, driveway, fill soil, or surface structure. can be made of galvanized corrugated metal... водопропускная труба; cul.; дренажная труба;
dead load
  1. The static load imposed by the weight of the materials that make up a given structure.

  2. Балласт
dl;
elevation difference
    The height difference from one end of the bridge to the other end of the bridge. ybc can easily incorporate this feature.
glu-lam
    An engineered timber product manufactured by gluing together individual pieces of dimensional lumber. glu-lam beams can span a much greater distance than with timber and, pound for pound, glu-lam ...
guiderail cap
    The timber piece at the top of a guiderail that finishes, or "caps" the railing.
kdat (kiln dried after treatment)
    Wood that is dried in a kiln after pressure treatment.
live load
  1. A variable load on a structure (e.g. a bridge) such as moving traffic or pedestrians. it is usually expressed in terms of pounds per square foot. standard loading for york timber bridges are 8... ll; переменная нагрузка;
pedestrian guiderail
    A barrier or protection attached to the sides of a bridge to be a guide for moving pedestrian traffic. can be decorative or customized to some extent according to client's needs. examples.
penta (pentachlorophenol)
    The most commonly used oil based preservative used to pressure treat and wood and guard against decay and insect infestation.
piling cap
    A main ingredient in the support structure for weight displacement on a timber bridge. this timber is placed on top of the piling at each bent and underneath the stringers that connect the bents.<...
plan view
  1. View of a bridge from above the structure, usually seen on shop drawings.

  2. Drawing of a structure with the view from overhead, looking down.

  3. Вид в плане
pv;
refusal
  1. This is a term used in pile driving. when the piling is driven into the ground to the point that the piling is "refusing" to penetrate the ground further with the weight of the heavy equipment...
retrofit
  1. Modification of an existing structure to incorporate changes not available at time of original construction.

  2. The addition of new building materials, building elements, and component... убирающееся шасси;
rip rap
  1. A layer of large stones or broken rock placed on an embankment as erosion control and protection.

  2. A man-made pile of rocks and rubble often surrounding an off-shore lighthouse or as...
specifications
  1. A document that explains all material and construction requirements of the bridge structure to be constructed, usually used by engineers or architects in the planning stages of construction. specs; технические условия, ту;
wingwall
    A wall used to retain the soil behind the abutment.
x-bracing
    A form of additional supports for the piling of a bridge. the timbers are placed in a “criss-cross” pattern joining the supporting piling.