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Глоссарий по автомобильным шинам (tires)

contact patchFootprint
section widthThe distance between a tire's sidewalls measured at the widest part of the tire. Each size of tire is measured on a specific rim width.
rim widthThe distance between rim flanges.
bead seatThe inner ledge portion of the wheel rim where the tire bead rests adjacent to the flange.
cornering forceThe lateral frictional force generated by a cornering tire, acting in opposition to the centrifugal force.
treadwearThe measure of the life of a tire tread.
runout1) The measure of the out of roundness of the tire causing a vibration which cannot be balanced.
2) выбег (гироскопа)
3) the sum of cumulative-pitch error when measured across a number of functional
revolutions per mileThe measured number of revolutions made by a tire traveling one mile.
beltsThe plies of tire cords beneath the tread that determines the tire's diameter and stabilizes the tread by resisting deformation from cornering, braking, and centrifugal forces.
sidewallThe portion of the tire between the bead and the tread. It is flexible to soak up bumps yet stiff to limit tire rollover.
inflation pressureThe pressure of air inside a tire which applies a tensile stress to the tire cords permitting them to carry the vehicle's load.
pliesThe reinforcing members of a tire composed of layers of cord fabric and rubber that provide the strength to contain the air pressure needed to support a load and resist deflection.
hoop strengthThe retention strength inherent in the belt construction of a tire that resists centrifugal force and provides dimensional stability.
oversteerThe situation that occurs in cornering when the rear of a vehicle tends to skid before the front.
liner or inner-linerThe thin layer of halobutyl rubber inside a tire that contains the inflation air, sometimes called the inner-liner. All Dunlop passenger tires are manufactured with an inner-liner.
overall diameterThe diameter of an unloaded, inflated tire measured from the crown on one side to the crown on the opposite side. The free radius equals one-half the overall diameter. Sometimes called the outside diameter.
underinflationThe condition that exists when there is not sufficient air pressure in a tire to support a specific load. This causes the tire to operate with excessive deflection and rollover.
imbalance1) The condition that exists when a tire's mass is not evenly distributed around the rolling axis and centerline, causing bounce (static imbalance) or shake (dynamic imbalance).
2) a state or condition when something is out of equilibrium or unequal.
camber thrustA cornering force generated by the tire's camber.
speed ratingA letter designation identifying the tire's high speed durability on an indoor test wheel. Refer to ECE 30 European Indoor Wheel Test Standards.
bias-plyA type of tire construction utilizing plies that run diagonally from one bead to the other. One ply is set on a bias in one direction, and succeeding plies are set alternately in opposing directions crossing each other. Sometimes called a cross-ply tire.
tread voidAreas in the tread, such as grooves and channels, that permit water to drain away from the footprint.
harmonic markingMarkings on wheels and tires that allow match mounting to cancel tire and wheel runout, minimizing vibration.
wheel alignmentalignment
hydroplaningThe accumulation of water in a film under the footprint which causes a tire to lift from the road surface, losing traction. Hydroplaning is affected by vehicle speed, tread pattern, and water depth.
mounting tiresThe act of fitting tires to wheel rims.
slip angleThe angle between the direction in which a tire is aimed or steered and the actual direction of tire travel.
casterThe angle between the vehicle's steering axis and a vertical line, as viewed from the side.
tread patternThe arrangement of blocks, grooves, sipes, and channels designed into the tread to enhance its grip. Also called the tread design.
compounding1) The combining of five basic ingredients: rubber, carbon black, plasticizers, curing materials, and ozone retardants to form the tread and other "rubber" components of a tire.
2) The addition of fatty oils and similar materials to lubricants to impart special properties. Lubricating oils to which such materials have been added are known as compounded oils.
understeerThe condition that exists during cornering when the front of a vehicle tends to skid before the rear.
overinflationThe condition that exists when a tire is inflated beyond the pressure corresponding to the actual load or beyond the vehicle manufacturer's recommendation.
radial1) The tire construction utilizing plies that run radially from bead to bead under the tread. This construction requires a belt to stabilize the tread and define the tire diameter.
2) Coincident with a radius from the axis of the tree or log to the circumference.
3) радиус; луч (радиомаяка)
4) луч (укв-всенаправлен- ного радиомаяка); радиальный
5) радиус; радиальный луч; радиальный
6) `flow радиальное течение; центробежный
7) coincident with a radius from the axis of the tree or log to the circumference