28 , 2017

Scientific style of translation or editing

20 , 2017

Medical translation

16 , 2017

Crowdtranslation






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anti aliasing
    This is the process whereby you can reduce the stepping effect on your images, by smoothing the edges where individual edges are visible. a great program for correcting this is genuine fractals ...
autoexposure
    A method of exposure where aperture and shutter speed settings are first read, then set, by the camera`s exposure system. various autoexposure modes allow for customization or biasing the readings...
autoexposure lock
    A push-button, switch, or lever that locks in exposure after the initial reading has been made, regardless of a change in camera position or light conditions after the lock is activated. release o...
automatic focus
    The lens on the camera focuses automatically when the shutter is half pressed. the viewfinder normally has focussing points shown to assist the user in knowing what will be in focus.
auxiliary lens
    An add-on optical device that alters the focal length of the prime lens for close-up, telephoto, or other special effects photography. the close-up devices, for example, usually comes in +1, +2, a...
b or bulb
    A shutter setting that indicates that the shutter will remain open for as long as the shutter release is pressed. the term originated with the rubber air shutter bulbs used to operate shutters in ...
black-and-white
    A photographic film or paper used to create monochrome images. though we think of black and white mainly in terms of a gray scale, prints can have a wide variety of subtle tones, from blue- to bro...
blown out
    Having highlights that are off the chart on the right side of the histogram, having no detail in the white areas. eg: the brides dress is blown out
burning-in
    In darkroom work, giving additional exposure to a portion of a print made from a negative to add density and tonal information. often used to balance tones in contrasty scenes. the same term is us...
burnt-out
    Jargon that refers to loss of details in the highlight portion of a scene due to overexposure. with slide film, it might mean that no image detail has been recorded on the film, or that highlights...
c-41
    The current process for all standard color negative films.
cable release
    A flexible encased wire attached to a threaded metal coupler that screws into the shutter release button on the camera. when one end of the wire is depressed with a plunger the other end activates...
camera modes
    Manual: full manual the user is setting the iso, shutter speed and aperture. shutter priority (tv on a canon or s on a nikon) the user is selecting iso and shutter speed, the camera is then choosi...
camera resolution
    Expressed in megapixels is the dimensions your cameras sensor is capable of capturing. for example canons new 6d has a resolution of 5472 x 3648 which equals 19,961,856, which theyve rounded of...
camera shake
    This is a blurry image which has resulted from an insufficiently fast enough shutter speed, while hand holding the camera. so how slow is too slow? many teachers will say that 1/60th of a second i...
ccd (charged coupled device)
    This is a light sensitive chip used in your digital camera for image gathering. the ccd pixels gather the colour from the light and pass it to the shift register for storage. ccds are analogue se...
centre -weighted
    Term used to describe an automatic exposure system that uses just the centre portion of the image to adjust the overall value. so in effect, the exposure will be weighted to what you see towards t...
chimping
    Slang term meaning looking at the back of the camera after every image. spending too much time reviewing images on camera, not enough time shooting.
circles of confusion
    Closely related to the above bokeh, the textbook definition is: the largest blur spot that is indistinguishable from the point source that is being rendered. objects outside the depth of field of ...
clipped
    Similar to blown out being off the histogram, but it can also apply to shadow or blacks areas of the image.
close down
    Jargon that refers to making a photograph with less exposure than previously used. with apertures, using a narrower apertures; with shutter speed, using a faster shutter speed. for example, going ...
close-up
    Any photograph made from a distance that is generally closer than our normal viewing distance. close-up pictures are often startling in the detail they reveal.
primer plano .;
color coupler
    A colorless substance contained in color film emulsions that, when exposed to chemical developing baths forms the color dyes that make up part of the layers of processed color films.
color negative film
    A film that forms a photographic image in which light tones are rendered dark (and vice versa) and colors are reproduced as their complements (such as blue being recorded as yellow); all of revers...
colour balance
    The accuracy with which the colours captured in the image, match the original scene.
colour cast
    This is a very unwanted tint of one colour in an image caused by the wrong amount of cyan, magenta and yellow. it can be corrected using your editing software.
colour correction
    To correct or enhance the colours within an image.
colour depth
    Digital images can approximate colour realism but the process is referred to as colour depth, bit depth or pixel depth. most modern computer displays use 24 bit true colour. it displays the same n...
colour space
    Digital cameras use known colour profiles to generate their images. the most common is srgb or adobe rgb. this along with all of the other camera data is stored in the exif header of the jpeg file...
compact flash
    See cf. this is the most commonly used type of memory. it is small, removable and available in a wide range of sizes up to 12gb.
contact print
    A print made the same size as the negative.
contrast grade
    In black and white printing, an indication of the contrast rendition the paper will yield. #0 and #1 are low contrast; #4 and #5 are high contrast. the "normal" contrast grade is #2.
conversion filter
    A filter that gives allows daylight film to record color faithfully in artificial light or, conversely, for tungsten-balanced film in daylight. for example, orange conversion filters are used when...
correct exposure
    The combination of aperture and shutter speed that yields a full-toned negative or slide that yields the best possible tonal representation of the scene onto film or sensor. the constants in an ex...
darkroom
    The work space for developing and printing photographic film and making prints.
cuarto oscuro;
daylight-balanced
    A film that will reproduce colors faithfully when exposed in daylight. the film can also be used with flash, as properly made flash or strobes yield daylight-balanced light.
depth of field preview button
    A switch, button, or electronic push-button that allows for preview of the depth of field of the set aperture in the viewfinder. during composition the lens is wide open, thus the depth of field i...
developing
    A series of chemical and physical actions done in a commercial lab or the home darkroom that converts light-struck film to an image that can be viewed directly or printed; making prints from negat... revelado .;
digital darkroom
    The computer and image editing and manipulation programs.
digitisation
    The process of converting analogue information into digital for use by a computer.
digitize
    The conversion of analog (film, print) information to digital form by use of a scanner, digital sensor or camera.
;
dioptre adjustment
    This adjusts the optical viewfinders magnification factor to suit the eyesight of the cameras user. there should be a knob or dial near the viewfinders eyepiece, however, not all cameras have thi...
dodging
    In conventional or digital printing and image manipulation, the selective reduction of density in certain areas of the scene.
dust bunnies
    Dark spots that appear on the image, caused by bits of dust on the digital sensor
dx-coding
    A system of film cassette coding and in-camera pins that informs the camera`s exposure system that a specific speed and exposure length film is loaded. most modern 35mm cameras have this feature.<...
e-6
    The current developing process for the majority of today`s color slide films; the term also refers to films developed by this process, such as e-6 type films.
edge transfer
    Where the light turns into the shadow, the edge transfer is how quickly it goes from dark to light. if using harsh light the edge transfer is very defined and sudden, almost a clear line. when usi...
electronic flash
    Known as a flash gun, strobe, or speedlight, it consists of a gas-filled tube that is fired by an electrical charge. it can be mounted directly on the camera hot shoe (which links the shutter firi...
enlargement
  1. Making a print from a negative or slide; generally, making a print larger than standard size, such as an 8x10-inch or bigger "blowup".

; ; ;
exposure meters
    Light reading instruments that yield signals that are translated to f-stops and shutter speeds. reflected-light meters read light reflected off the subject; incident meters reads light falling upo...