Глоссарий

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Глоссарий терминов по кондиционерам (английский)

air handler1) The portion of the central air conditioning or heat pump system that forces heated or cooled air through your home’s ductwork. In some systems a furnace handles this function. Also known as a fan-c...
устройство для обработки воздуха;
puronAn environmentally sound refrigerant designed not to harm the earth’s ozone layer. Federal law requires that all manufacturers phase out ozone-depleting refrigerants in the next few years. Puron Refri...
electronic air cleanerAn electronic device that filters out large particles and contaminants in indoor air.
air diffuser1) An air distribution outlet or grille designed to direct airflow into desired patterns.
2) An air distribution outlet or grille that directs airflow into desired patterns

воздухораспределитель; диффузор воздуха распределитель;
comfort air conditioningAn A/C system designed for the comfort of people, not the protection of computer-based electrical systems. Computers and other high-tech equipment usually require an extremely low humidity environment...
single package productA year-round heating and air conditioning system that has all of the components completely encased in one unit outside the home.
free cooling systemA water- or glycol-cooled system with an additional coil that provides chilled water-cooling when the outdoor ambient temperature is cold, thereby reducing or eliminating compressor operation. Provide...
integrally controlled motorA variable-speed motor that operates at low RPM when possible for maximum efficiency and quiet operation. ICM motors are more than 90% efficient versus 60% efficiency for conventional motors.
downflow air conditionerA type of precision air conditioning system that discharges air downward, directly beneath a raised floor. Commonly found in computer rooms and modern office spaces.
low boyA type of furnace configuration in which the furnace is lower in height and occupies more floor space.
centrifugal compressor1) A type of compressor used in vapor compression refrigeration cycles where a rotating impeller is the device which compresses the refrigerant vapor. The vapor is drawn into the impeller axially, and...
центробежный компрессор;
fan coilAn indoor component of an air conditioner or heat pump system, used in place of a furnace and evaporator coil, to provide change the refrigerant from a gas to a liquid (or vice-versa) and blow air ove...
payback analysis1) An overall measure of the efficiency and value of your home comfort system. By combining your purchase price and ongoing operating costs, a payback analysis determines the number of years required ...
r-22 refrigerantAn ozone-depleting, hydro chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) refrigerant that has been the refrigerant of choice for residential heat pump and air-conditioning systems for decades. Because of its potentially h...
outdoor coil/condensing unitThe portion of a heat pump or central air conditioning system that is located outside the home and functions as a heat transfer point for collecting heat from and dispelling heat to the outside air.
(k) factorThe insulating value of any material. Also known as conductivity.
emergency heatThe back-up heat built into a heat pump system. Also known as supplemental or auxiliary heat.
air change1) The amount of air required to completely replace the air in a room or building; not to be confused with re-circulated air.
2) Unlike re-circulated air, this is the total air required to complete...

воздухообмен кратность;
central air conditioner system1) System in which air is treated at a central location and carried to and from the rooms by one or more fans and a system of ducts.
2) Where air is treated at a central location and carried to and...

merv1) Stands for Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value. A measurement of air filter’s ability to remove particles from 3 to 10 microns in size. The MERV scale ranges from 1 (least efficient) to 16 (most eff...
ист. г. мерв (в средней азии, туркменская сср, ссср);
direct expansion systemsOne of two types of basic cooling media (the other is chilled water). Direct expansion systems utilize Freon for cooling and dehumidification. The three most common methods of heat rejection are air-c...
ton (or tonnage)1) Not 2000 lbs, but a unit of measure used to describe the cooling capacity of an air conditioning system. One ton of cooling is based on the amount of heat needed to melt one ton (2000 lbs.) of ice ...
supercooled liquidLiquid refrigerant cooled below its saturation point.
superheatingCreating a rise in temperature by adding heat energy to a refrigeration vapor.
reciprocating compressor1) A type of compressor used in air conditioners that compresses refrigerant through a piston action.
2) поршневой компрессор

rc; поршневой компрессор;
water cooled systemA type of air conditioning system that uses freon as a refrigerant and water as a condensing medium. Typically, the water-cooled condenser is located inside the air conditioner with the rest of the re...
air-cooled systemA type of air conditioning system that uses Freon as a refrigerant and air as a condensing medium. A fan discharges heat from the condenser coil to the outdoors. Typically, the air-cooled condenser is...
hybrid heat systemA fuel-saving alternative to traditional heating and cooling systems that combines a furnace with a heat pump. A Hybrid heat system reacts to changing temperatures and automatically adjusts to the mos...
purge device1) A device which removes air and water vapor from the refrigerant inside a chiller.
2) A device, which removes air and water vapor from the refrigerant inside a chiller.

condenser1) A device that transfers unwanted heat out of a refrigeration system to a medium that absorbs the heat and transfers it to a disposal point. There are three types of condensers: air-cooled condenser...
line; трубопровод конденсатора; cond; конденсатор; помутнение стекла;
air conditioner1) A device or system which delivers simultaneous control of air temperature, relative humidity, purity, and motion.
2) Equipment that simultaneously controls air temperature, relative humidity, pu...

кондиционер воздуха;
switchoverA device in a heat pump that reverses the flow of refrigerant as the system is switched from cooling to heating.
reversing valve1) A device in a heat pump that reverses the flow of refrigerant as the system is switched from cooling to heating.
2) A device in a heat pump that reverses the flow of refrigerant as the system sw...

auto changeoverA control package that allows you to automatically switch from a primary air conditioning system to a backup in the event of the primary system’s failure.
автоматическое переключение;
kilowatt-hour (kwh)A common unit of electrical consumption measured by the total energy created by one kilowatt in one hour.
split system1) A central air conditioning or heat pump system consisting of two or more major components. The system usually consists of a compressor-containing unit and condenser (installed outside the house) an...
vapor seal1) A barrier that prevents air, moisture, and contaminants from migrating through tiny cracks or pores in the walls, floor, and ceiling into a room. Vapor seals may be created using plastic film, vapo...
vs;
freon1) A general term used to identify, any of a group of partially or completely halogenated simple hydrocarbons containing fluorine, chlorine or bromine, which are used as refrigerants. R-22 is the most...
energy starA government program that helps businesses and individuals protect the environment through superior energy efficiency. Products earn the Energy Star rating by meeting strict anti-pollution and energy-...
matched system1) A heating and cooling system comprised of products that have been certified to perform at promised comfort and efficiency levels when used together, and used according to design and engineering spe...
glycol-cooled systemA type of air conditioning system that uses Freon as a refrigerant and a water/glycol solution as a condensing medium. Typically, the glycol-cooled condenser is located inside the air conditioner with...
upflow air conditionerA type of air conditioning system that discharges air into the conditioned space through a top-mounted discharge plenum or an overhead duct system.
scroll compressorA specially designed compressor that works in a circular motion vs. an up and down piston action.
thermidistatA sophisticated, programmable thermostat that senses the outdoor temperature, indoor air temperature, and indoor relative humidity. A built-in microprocessor determines the most efficient way to achie...
condenser coil1) A series of tubes filled with refrigerant, normally located outside the home that removes heat from the hot, gaseous refrigerant so that it becomes liquid again.
2) A series of tubes filled with...

packaged systemA self-contained heating and/or air conditioning system which has all components located in one cabinet. It is placed outside the home – on the ground, on the roof, or sometimes mounted through the wa...
vacuum pump1) A pump used to remove air and moisture from a refrigeration system.
2) A device that is used to extract gas or vapor from an enclosed space, leaving behind a partial vacuum in the container.
...

vacpmp; vp;
thermostatic expansion valveA precision device used to meter the flow of liquid refrigerant entering the evaporator at a rate that matches the amount of refrigerant being boiled off in the evaporator.
tev; терморегулирующий вентиль;
accurator1) A piston type metering device that feeds the proper amount of liquid refrigerant into the evaporator.
2) A piston type-metering device that feeds the proper amount of liquid refrigerant into the...

cooling capacityA measure of the ability of a unit to remove heat from an enclosed space.