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Глоссарий по бильярду

    Acronym for "one-pocket"
3-cushion billiards
    See "three-cushion billiards"
3-бортный карамболь;
30° rule
    Principle stating that a rolling cue ball’s path deflects by approximately 30° after impact with an object ball for a cut shot between a 1/4-ball and 3/4-ball hit
закон 30°;
45° rule
    Principle stating that if the cb rolls into the short rail at roughly a 45º angle, it will head fairly close to the center of the table after contacting the long rail
закон 45°;
7 and out
    See "give the x and out"
7 and out;
8 and out
    See "eight and out"
8 and out;
7x rule
    Principle stating that the cb will roll forward by about 1/7 of the distance the ob rolls forward with a straight-on roll shot
закон 7-кратного увеличения;
    A pool game, played with all 15 balls racked in a triangle pattern, where the objective is to pocket the 8-ball after pocketing all seven of your designated balls (stripes or solids)
игра "восьмёрка";
    The pool game played with only the first nine balls (1-9), racked in a diamond pattern with the 9-ball in the center. the lowest numbered ball must always be hit first. the person who pockets the ... игра "девятка";
90° rule
    Principle stating that the cue ball and object ball will separate at 90° after impact provided the cue ball strikes the object ball with no vertical plane spin (i.e., stun)
закон 90°;
address the ball
    Move and settle into your stance in preparation for a shot
address the ball;
ahead session
    A match won by being a certain number of games ahead
ahead session;
aim and pivot
    Method (e.g., bhe or fhe) used to compensate aim for squirt. the cue is initially aimed for a center-ball hit and is pivoted to apply the amount of english desired. this is done before the shot прицеливание и поворот;
aiming line
    The imaginary line through the cue ball in the direction of the intended target (e.g., the center of the ghost ball) that results in contact with a rail or the object ball at the desired contact p... линия прицеливания;
aiming point
    The center of the imaginary ghost ball target resulting in contact with the object ball at the desired contact point
точка прицеливания;
aiming system
    A systematic method used to aim shots
система прицеливания;
air barrel
    Not having the money to pay off a loss when gambling
air barrel;
angle of reflection
    Same as "rebound angle"
угол отражения;
angle to the pocket
    The angle of approach of a ball to a pocket measured relative to the pocket centerline. a straight-in shot has a 0° angle to the pocket.
угол к лузе;
approach angle (aka "angle of incidence")
    The angle at which a ball approaches a rail, measured from the rail perpendicular. a ball driven directly into (perpendicular to) a rail has an approach angle of zero.
угол сближения (также известный как "угол падения");
artistic shot
    Same as "trick shot"
артистический удар;
avoidance shot
    A shot where the cue ball path is controlled to avoid hitting surrounding balls
удар для предотвращения столкновений;
    Popular pool and billiards website and online discussion forum
back cut
    A cut shot where the cue ball is shot well away from the target pocket (e.g., when the cue ball is much closer to the target pocket rail than the object ball). in other words, the butt of the cue ... обратная резка;
back-hand english (bhe)
    Method used to compensate one’s aim for squirt. you aim the shot assuming a center-ball hit on the cue ball (i.e., no english). then you pivot the stick with your back (grip) hand, keeping your br... винт задней руки (bhe);
    Same as "bottom spin"
обратный винт;
bad hit
    Not hitting an object ball first, resulting in a foul
плохой удар;
bad roll
    Unfortunate roll of the ball (e.g., bad position due to roll-off); or, just bad luck
bad roll;
balance point
  1. The center of gravity of the cue

  2. An outdoor temperature, usually between 30° f and 45° f, at which a heat pump’s output exactly equals the heating needs of the home. below the balan... точка равновесия;
    A carom game where the table is subdivided into regions (e.g., 9) separated by straight lines. there are restrictions on the number of points can be scored (e.g., 2) when both object balls stay wi... balkline;
ball banger
    See "banger"
ball banger;
ball grouping
    Two or more balls of the same type (“stripes” or “solid”) in the same general area of the table
группировка шаров;
ball-compression deflection-angle
    Slight change in the object ball’s direction due to the slight amount of compression of the cue ball and object ball during impact
угол отклонения, связанный со сжатием шара;
ball-hit fraction
    For a cut shot, the fraction of the object ball covered by the projected cue ball. for a square hit (0º cut angle), the ball-hit fraction is 1. for a half-ball hit, the ball-hit fraction is 1... доля перекрытия шаров;
    Situation when the cue ball can be placed anywhere on the table as a result of a foul or scratch by your opponent
шар с руки;
ball turn
    Very slight curve of the path of a ball with sidespin, caused by cloth friction
поворот шара;
bank pool
    Game where points are scored for pocketing bank shots only
bank pool;
bank shot
    A shot in which the object ball is bounced off one or more rails before being pocketed
удар от борта (дуплет, триплет и т.д.);
bar box
    Small (3 1/2’ by 7’) coin-operated tables found in bars
bar box;
bar rules
    Sometimes arbitrary and often different rules by which novices play pool in bars
барные правила;
    Number of payoff units available in your bankroll or in a ring game
barrels (дословно "бочки");
bending a shot
    Using massé spin to curve a ball’s trajectory (e.g., with a massé shot or with an angled kick shot with draw or follow)
удар по дуге;